Benefits of Grafting
get plants to productivity sooner
better tasting, or better producing fruit tree
a too-large plant by using dwarfing rootstock
a resilient rootstock in a soil that otherwise could not
put two varieties of the same fruit on one tree
Grafters Handbook – Not easy to read, not easy to find and when
found it will cost as much as $300! However, if you run across one of
these that doesn't cost $300, grab it. It has been THE manual for a
very long time and it is the only book that covers ALL – not just
the popular – grafts. The information in this book is going to be
Home Orchard, UCANR – one of the very best books that includes
notes on grafting, but presents caring for home orchards. A truly
well-written book, impeccable in it's presentation and incomparable
in the breadth and depth of grafting. Wonderfully written.
- said of buds, shoots or roots arising out of order; not initiated
by apical meristems
growth region in plants found within the root tips and the tips of
the new shoots and leaves, a mature cork cell is non-living and has
that are composed of a waxy substance that is highly impermeable to
gases and water
– the outer layers of the rind, consisting largely of cork, serving
to protect the inner rind and cambium. See rind.
– to insert an eye, or bud, when bud-grafting
grafting – grafting with an single eye or bud, detached from a
shoot along with a portion of rind and, in some cases a small slice
of the wood
– healing tissue arising from the cambium at wounds
– the layer of meristematic tissue between the wood and the rind
from which further elements of both develop
– vegetative progeny of one plant
– said of plants which when grafted together form a good, sound and
– internationally agreed technical term for what, in English, is
known as a variety .
– a single bud or group of buds
– where the scion meets the stock, the completed operation of
grafting, the union, a term often wrongly used for scion
– to prepare and place together plant parts so that they may grow
– said of plants which when garfted together fail to form a lasting
– tissue capable of growth, either primary from which new organs
develop (primordial of leaves, stems, roots) or secondary, by which
special tissues (cambium, phellogen)
– pertaining to meristems
Tree – a tree selected as a source of scions, cuttings or seed
– meristematic cork producing tissue in the outer region of the
– all the tissues external to the woody core of stems and roots,
often termed bark
– root-bearing plant on which the scion is grafted.
– part of plant used for grafting upon the stock plant
– the substance, structure or texture of which the plant body, or
any organ of it, is composed
– botanical name for wood
you begin to graft, think about your safety first. The knives you are
working with are – or should be – very sharp. Keep that thought
first in your mind. Always cut away from yourself, never towards
yourself – this is the root of most accidents. We are trying to get
a knife through some stubborn material and without a second thought,
turn the knife towards our fingers without even thinking. Know where
the first aid kit is and, if necessary, the closest emergency room.
Knife exclusively for grafting cuts, many sizes and shapes, don't go
cheap on this knife.
means to sharpen that knife at the bench or in the wild (of course
you could have two knives, one for bench work and one for field work,
the only concern is that you have the means to keep them sharp!)
devices – whatever cranks your tractor and helps you keep your
blades sharp (you are more likely to be injured by a dull blade than
a sharp one)
way to make the graft stable – Parafilm is the hot tip! Rubber
bands are a pain
small first aid kit. I am serious. And brush up on your ability to do
teaching grafting, it proved important to keep students in pairs.
Person A watches as Person B works with the knife and they switch.
For your first few grafts, have a friend or fellow student watch you
and then switch and you watch them.